In my blog for Mid-Pentecost, Christ the Rock Which is the Fountain of Life, I wrote about the connection the ancient Jewish interpreters of their Scriptures drew between the image of the deep well and the Torah. Digging a well became a metaphorical understanding of searching the Torah for its deepest meaning. This ancient interpretive tradition is preserved in Orthodox Tradition as well. Take a look at one of the hymns from Matins of the 5th Week of Pascha (from the Pentecostarion):
THE SAMARITAN WOMAN, AS WAS HER CUSTOM,
CAME TO DRAW WATER FROM AN EARTHLY AND PERISHABLE WELL.
INSTEAD, SHE DREW LIVING WATER,
FOR SHE DISCOVERED THE WELL OF LIFE!
HE WAS RESTING WHERE JACOB DUG HIS WELL OF OLD.
THE NOONDAY HEAT FATIGUED HIM, //
THOUGH HE MADE THE FIERY SUN TO LIGHT THE WORLD!
Where Jacob dug his well is a metaphorical way of referring to the Jews seeking Wisdom from the Torah. The Samaritan Woman comes to that well. This is another metaphor of the non-Jew, the convert, coming to the Torah. But the Torah, the deep well, leads her to Christ, to the New Covenant which replaces the Torah. The old well, the Torah, could only give her water for this life – how to live in this world. The new well, Christ the Wisdom of God, gives living water that bestows eternal life.