St Nicholas Cabasilas says that we humans were created by God with our unique set of characteristics precisely that we might know Christ. Adam was created with Christ already “in mind” – God didn’t send Christ into the world in response to a broken Adam, rather God created Adam in Christ’s image so that Christ could become incarnate as a human. The human was designed to be capable of bearing God. God knew where He was going with these creatures created in God’s image – with mind, desire, reason and memory. God the Trinity was planning for the incarnation of God the Son from before the humans were ever first created. Adam was not the model for Christ, but rather Christ was the Archetype which made the particular human characteristics necessary so that God could be incarnate as a human. God knew what was needed in a creature for the incarnation to take place, and God created us accordingly to prepare us and the world for the incarnation.
“It was for the new man that human nature was created at the beginning, and for him mind and desire were prepared. Our reason we have received in order that we may know Christ, our desire in order that we might hasten to Him. We have memory in order that we may carry Him in us, since He Himself is the Archetype for those who are created. It was not the old Adam who was the model for the new, but the new Adam for the old, even though it is said that the new Adam was generated according to the likeness of the old (Rom 8:3) because of the corruption which the old Adam initiated.
The latter Adam inherited it in order that He might abolish the infirmity of our nature by means of the remedies which He brings and, as Paul says, so ‘that which is mortal might be swallowed up by life‘ (2 Cor. 5:4).” (The Life in Christ, p 190)