Jesus answered, “Have you not read that he who made them from the beginning made them male and female . . . ?” (Matthew 19:4)
There is neither … male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. (Galatians 3:28)
St. Basil the Great writing in the 4th Century addresses an issue that is still relevant today – are women somehow excluded from the life of holiness because they are not males? Obviously,women in his day felt excluded from the life in the Church, as many do today. While his answer will not satisfy some today, he does argue that there is no difference between holiness in men and women, and that God equally honors both male and female.
.‘Blessed is the man who hath not walked in the counsel of the ungodly’ [Psalm 1:1]. What is truly good, therefore, is principally and primarily the most blessed. And that is God.
..But before I explain what it is ‘not to walk in the counsel of the ungodly,’ I wish to settle the question asked at this point. Why, you say, does the prophet single out only man and proclaim him happy? Does he not exclude women from happiness? By no means. For, the virtue of man and women is the same, since creation is equally honored in both; therefore, there is the same reward for both. Listen to Genesis. ‘God created man,’ it says, ‘in the image of God he created him. Male and female he created them.’ They whose nature is alike have the same reward. Why, then, when Scripture had made mention of man, did it leave woman unnoticed? Because it believed that it was sufficient, since their nature is alike, to indicated the whole through the more authoritative part.
‘Blessed, therefore, is the man who hath not walked in the counsel of the ungodly.’
(The Fathers of the Church: St. Basil Exegetic Homilies, pp. 155-156)
Jesus looked up and said to her, “Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?” She said, “No one, Lord.” And Jesus said, “Neither do I condemn you; go, and do not sin again.” (John 8:10-11)