The Gospel parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37) deals with several questions which were asked or Jesus or implied in a conversation He had with a Jewish lawyer. There are the stated questions of the lawyer: “Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?” “And who is my neighbor?” And there are the questions Jesus asked in return: “What is written in the law? What is your reading of it?” and “… which of these three do you think was neighbor to him who fell among the thieves?” Implied is the question: who is the person to whom I can be a neighbor?
Through the centuries Christians have attempted to live the Gospel commandments and to establish rules and guidelines to help each other fulfill the teachings of Christ. St. Benedict of Nursia was one monk who attempted to help his fellow Christians follow Christ.
For it was the central purpose of Benedict’s Rule to teach novice monks how to “renounce themselves in order to follow Christ,” how to “advance in the ways [of Christ] with the Gospel as our guide,” and, by persevering in the monastic life, how to “share by patience in the passion of Christ and hereafter deserve to be united with him in his kingdom” – in a single formula, “not to value anything more highly than the love of Christ.” The love of Christ, moreover, modified one of the basic impulses that had originally led to the rise of monasticism. “Deep in the monastic consciousness is solitude,” writes a historian of Western asceticism. But, he continues, “you discover to your vexation that deep in the Christian consciousness, ran the axiom that you must receive strangers as though they were Christ, and they really might be Christ.”
Therefore, quoting the Gospel (Matt. 25:35), Benedict specified in his Rule: “All guests coming to the monastery shall be received as Christ.”
(Jaroslav Pelikan, Jesus Through the Centuries, Mary Through the Centuries, pp. 143-144)
Treat the person you meet, neighbor or stranger, as you would treat Christ.