I found Martin Mosebach’s The 21: A Journey into the Land of Coptic Martyrs to be a worthy read. There is of course that one learns a bit about these 21 Christians, all poor migrant workers, beheaded by ISIS militants on a Libyan beach. They have been glorified by the Egyptian Coptic Orthodox Church as martyrs for the faith. In their lives they seem to have been pious Orthodox Christians who were trying to eke out a living under difficult circumstances. One also learns a great deal about the life of Coptic Christians in Egypt, an Orthodox Church which considers itself to be “the Church of the martyrs” based on its 2000 year history which has seen centuries of suffering and martyrdom. The Copts continue to be targeted by Muslim extremists and live perpetually in a state of being at risk for persecution, and yet their faith is strong. Mosebach, a practicing traditionalist Catholic, writes about the Copts with sympathy and understanding. He is not reluctant to express his skepticism about some of the things he learned. It is obvious that even modern martyrs’ lives quickly are embellished with legend and miracles, as if their martyrdom itself is not sufficiently miraculous witness to the Lord. As Mosebach writes it such embellishment is a normal part of Coptic history and faith. Mosebach also makes it clear that to call these martyrs victims of terrorism is to completely miss the importance of their faith in their lives. They are not victims of terrorism, but true witnesses to their undying faith in Jesus Christ. As such they stand as a challenge to American Christian attitudes towards suffering, being in the minority or being in power and what Christ teaches us about martyrdom, enemies, suffering and power. They have to carry the cross daily in a way American Christians are not willing to do. As one Coptic priest said, “One cannot simply dismiss Muslims as hostile – regardless of religion, one can still be a good neighbor and express kindness and trust, especially in one’s prayer.” Who is my neighbor? The one to whom I can be neighborly as Jesus taught in the parable of the Good Samaritan. The Copts have to choose to live the Gospel lessons daily.