I’m not a scientist and I don’t read science journals, but do enjoy reading the more “popular science” reported in DISCOVER magazine. In the November 2017 issue there were two articles that had quotes that caught my attention. These are a bit random, but here goes:
(Photo by Seth Bobosh)
Max Tegmark in an article, “Our Next Billion Years: Humanity only just arrived on Earth. But its future is in the Cosmos” writes:
“Thirteen point eight billion years after its birth, our universe has awoken and become aware of itself. . . . Although these self-aware stargazers disagree on many things, they tend to agree that these galaxies are beautiful and awe-inspiring. But beauty is in the eye of the beholder, not in the laws of physics. So before our universe awoke, there was no beauty. This makes our cosmic awakening all the more wonderful and worthy of celebrating: It transformed our universe from a mindless zombie with no self-awareness into a living ecosystem harboring self-reflection, beauty and hope – and the pursuit of goals, meaning and purpose. Had our universe never awoken, then it would have been completely pointless – merely a gigantic waste of space. Should our universe permanently go back to sleep due to some cosmic calamity or self-inflicted mishap, it will become meaningless.”
The appearance of conscious beings on earth – namely us humans – has impacted the entire universe. This is not merely the claim of believers, but is now acknowledge in the scientific world as well. Humans by being not only observers of the universe but conscious and intentional participants in it have altered the universe. Humans give meaning to the cosmos as well as derive knowledge from it. We are not merely along for the ride with no ability to affect our destiny. Humans do not merely observe, but even have taken our own development (our genetics, our evolution) into our hands. (see also my blog The Antropocene: Are Humans Really in Charge?) We can and do impact not just human development, but we now affect the entire world and our influence is expanding into space. The arrival of humans, self-conscious beings, in the universe is awesome, and that awe has led humans to acknowledge their own coming into an already existing cosmos. We stand in awe before the cosmic reality, but we give it meaning and purpose. In awe we celebrate creation by worshiping the Creator. Our self-awareness serves a purpose, allowing us to come to know not just the empirical universe, but the God in whom the universe itself exists.
Not only are humans self-aware, but they are also very creative and have managed to take items which occurred in nature and reshape them into useful tools, which further advanced human development. This is the segue into the second article.
2. Bridget Alex writes in “Stone Cold Science”:
“Because stone tools are a forgotten technology, the purpose behind different styles is not self-evident. Scholars in the 19th century devised names, like scraper, point and burin, based on shape and assumed function. But they had no evidence that scrapers scraped or points impaled. Unsure how stone tools were used, archeologists fared better at determining how they were made.”
Something I’ve not thought much about in terms of archaeology. Stone items are discovered which are thousands or tens of thousands of years old. We look at those items from a 21st Century perspective and try to determine what purpose the item served. But we are anachronistically reading into the item what its use must have been based on modern tools, methods and assumptions. We really don’t know what the original intent of the tool was. Tools might have been invented for one purpose but then through time it is discovered the tool is very good for a purpose totally different than its original intention. The original purpose is lost in history and all that remains is what purpose the tool served later in history. We may never know what a stone knife was originally conceived as. All we can know is how the knife became used at some point in history – a use which was passed down from that point on to our generation. Thus when looking at archaeological finds, we have to be careful not to overly read our understanding into an early time period. What we might use a tool for today may never have been conceived by the first inventors of the tools.
Egyptian Deity: Genius