“Thus says the LORD: Behold, I set before you the way of life and the way of death.” (Jeremiah 21:8)
“Enter by the narrow gate; for the gate is wide and the way is easy, that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many. For the gate is narrow and the way is hard, that leads to life, and those who find it are few.” (Matthew 7:13-14)
The notion that there are two ways through the world – the way of life and the way of death – permeates the Scriptures. They are sometimes dramatically pitted one against the other, and we humans must choose which we will follow.
“O full of all deceit and all fraud, you son of the devil, you enemy of all righteousness, will you not cease perverting the straight ways of the Lord?” (Acts 13:10)
And yet the same Tradition which is the Two Ways also is the Wisdom Tradition. Wisdom is not law, but rather is the Spirit guiding us in how, when and where, with whom and to what degree we can keep the law.
“For everything there is a season, and a time for every matter under heaven: … a time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance; a time to cast away stones, and a time to gather stones together; a time to embrace, and a time to refrain from embracing…” (Ecclesiastes 3:1-5)
The Tradition which says there are only two ways also provides that we have to know what to do when we are in a grey area, when things are not and aren’t supposed to be black and white. Between black and white there exist gradiation and degrees, some better than others in terms of doing God’s will. All or nothing thinking has its limits and sometimes causes problems and even evil. It can lead people to abandon a good way because of a mistake or sin which causes them to think all is lost. Something is better than nothing is also wisdom. I may not be able to be perfect but that doesn’t mean I shouldn’t try to do as much good as I can. There always is repentance and a spirit of humility which confesses persistent spiritual failure. We fall, and we get up.
We see this Wisdom often in the ascetic literature of the Church.
“Be as eager as you can to love everyone, but if you cannot do this yet, at least do not hate anyone.” (St. Maximus the Confessor, A Patristic Treasury: Early Church Wisdom for Today, Kindle Loc. 6835-36)
“If you are able to bear the whole yoke of the Lord, you will be perfect. But if you are not able, then do what you can.” (Didache, A Patristic Treasury: Early Church Wisdom for Today, Kindle Loc. 645-46)